Shipping & Logistics
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International shipping refers to all the activities that encompass the import and export of goods between different countries. It incorporates air, sea, and land (road and railway) transport.
How International Shipping Works
There are five critical components of international shipping:
- Export haulage
- Export customs clearance
- Import custom clearance
- Import haulage
Export haulage refers to the process of transporting the shipment from the origin-destination to a facility near the border. Before it crosses the border, it undergoes a series of checks in what is known as export customs clearance.
The freight is then transported to the reception point in the destination country. It's held up for import customs clearance first. After going through the necessary checks, the freight is finally hauled to its final destination.
International shipping is not just a headache in terms of logistics; the paperwork is hectic too.
First, it's essential to be aware of all the import/export rules and tax obligations. In export clearance, the freight is checked to ensure the goods are allowed for export and the taxes have been paid. On the other hand, import clearance involves checking whether the goods imported are allowed and meet all the import regulations.
Clearing and Forwarding
The entire process of international shipping is tedious and can waste a lot of time and resources. But the good thing is that there are clearing and forwarding agencies who take care of the entire process.